josephson effect


josephson effect
\\ˈjōzə̇fsən- also -ōsə̇-\ noun
Usage: usually capitalized J
Etymology: after Brian D. Josephson b1940 British physicist
: the movement of electron pairs through a thin insulator separating two superconductors carrying low current that can be stopped by raising the current in the superconductors above a certain level or by the application of an external voltage

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Josephson effect — Josephson junction array chip developed by NIST as a standard volt The Josephson effect is the phenomenon of supercurrent (i.e. a current that flows indefinitely long without any voltage applied) across two superconductors coupled by a weak link …   Wikipedia

  • Josephson effect — Josephson o reiškinys statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. Josephson effect vok. Josephson Effekt, m rus. эффект Джозефсона, m pranc. effet de Josephson, m ryšiai: sinonimas – Džozefsono reiškinys …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • Josephson effect — Flow of electric current between two pieces of superconducting material (see superconductivity) separated by a thin layer of insulating material. This flow was predicted by the British physicist Brian Josephson in 1962, based on the BCS theory… …   Universalium

  • Josephson effect — Džozefsono reiškinys statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Josephson effect vok. Josephson Effekt, m rus. эффект Джозефсона, m; явление Джозефсона, n pranc. effet Josephson, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Josephson effect — /ˈdʒoʊsəfsən əˌfɛkt/ (say johsuhfsuhn uh.fekt) noun the effect whereby electric current can flow from one superconducting metal to another through a sufficiently thin layer of insulator, the application of a potential difference causing the… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Josephson effect — noun the zero voltage current of paired electrons through a weak connection between superconductors See Also: Josephson junction …   Wiktionary

  • Josephson — is a patronymic surname meaning son of Joseph . Josephson may refer to:People* Brian David Josephson * Duane Josephson * Ernst Josephson * Erland Josephson * Julien Josephson * Leon Josephson * Les Josephson, former NFL football player * Matthew… …   Wikipedia

  • Josephson'o reiškinys — statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. Josephson effect vok. Josephson Effekt, m rus. эффект Джозефсона, m pranc. effet de Josephson, m ryšiai: sinonimas – Džozefsono reiškinys …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • Josephson-Effekt — Josephson o reiškinys statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. Josephson effect vok. Josephson Effekt, m rus. эффект Джозефсона, m pranc. effet de Josephson, m ryšiai: sinonimas – Džozefsono reiškinys …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • JOSEPHSON, BRIAN DAVID — (1940– ), British physicist. Josephson was born in Cardiff, Wales, where he was a brilliant pupil. He studied physics at Cambridge, receiving his doctorate in 1964. In 1962, at the age of only 22, he discovered the Josephson effect, showing the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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